The Alabama 3X5′ State Flag flag, which features a crimson cross of St. Andrew atop a white background, was introduced by State Rep. John W. A. Sanford, Jr. The design chosen in 1895 was white with a red saltire. The flag law referred to the design as a “Cross of St. Andrew,” although that name, as used in Scotland, had always signified a white saltire. This placement (saltire) is an important heraldic symbol which means that the pattern is placed diagonally across the flag. The St. Andrew’s Cross represents the martyrdom of the apostle, crucified by the Romans for having preached in Moesia (today’s Romania). It is a powerful symbol in the Anglo Saxon countries, including Ireland and Scotland.