The Flag of Indonesia is a simple bicolor with two equal horizontal bands, red (top) and white (bottom) with an overall ratio of 2:3. The flag, a simple design of red and white stripes, has a long history. It was first associated with the Majapahit empire, which flourished from the 13th to the 16th century in eastern Java, and it incorporates traditional color symbolism: red for courage and white for honesty. More recently, it was adopted in 1922 by the Indonesian Union, a nationalist organization of Indonesian students studying in the Netherlands. In 1928 the Indonesian Nationalist Party also adopted the flag. Coincidentally, the flag of Indonesia is identical, except in dimensions, to the flag of Monaco.